Wednesday, August 29, 2012

Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans

ACA is a European form of borreliosis, caused by B. afzelii and B. garinii.  It is transmitted by the Ixodes ricinus tick, and causes a morphea-like eruption.  How do we treat it?  One point. It differs from Erythema Chronicum Migrans by its lack of a raised, borrelia-infested erythematous border and by its scar-like appearance.  Had I been confronted by this picture, without any history, I would have said morphea.  

European borreliosis is much less likely to have multiple lesions, versus US borreliosis, and arthritis i s common as a sequela in the US, unusual in Europe.  Also associated with B afzelii and garinii are lymphocytoma cutis, atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini, and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus.  

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